The History of Italy

The first finds of human settlements date back to the Paleolithic, around 20,000 BC The Italian peninsula is inhabited by different ethnic groups: Ligurians, Venetics, Latins, Umbrians, Sardis, Sicilians. The geographical position of Italy in the center of the Mediterranean Sea favors relations with the surrounding regions: Phoenicians, Carthaginians and Greeks founded colonies, enriching the native culture. The Etruscan civilization flourished starting from the tenth century BC, and was definitively incorporated into the Roman civilization in 396 BC According to tradition, Rome was founded in 753 BC, but its supremacy will begin from the third century BC. C. extending over the entire peninsula and most of Europe.

The long dominion of Rome (from the third century BC to the fifth century AD) leaves extraordinary evidence: cities, temples, monuments, theaters, bridges, roads, aqueducts. In 476 AD the barbarian Odoacer puts an end to the Roman Empire by proclaiming himself King of Italy. It is the beginning of the Middle Ages that will lead to the territorial fragmentation of the Italian peninsula and the long domination of foreign peoples. The authority of the bishop of Rome and the importance of the nascent Church State grows. While the North is torn apart by wars between Popes and Emperors, Sicily is invaded by the Arabs and the Normans. Between the end of the 11th century and At the beginning of the 12th, demographic and economic growth favors the development of independent city-states in the Center-North: Venice, Florence, Siena, Genoa, Milan. Families of merchants and bankers govern the fate of these small states. Italy becomes a thriving country of arts and commerce. At the beginning of 1300 Dante wrote the Divine Comedy, the greatest poem of Italian literature.

In the following centuries, many of these small independent states will not resist the invasions of large states such as Spain, France and Austria. Italy, disputed by the major European powers, becomes a theater of continuous wars. In 1796 Napoleon conquered a large part of the peninsula, but upon his defeat the Congress of Vienna in 1815 re-established Austrian control. Only the small kingdom of Piedmont remains independent and leads the great Risorgimento movement that will lead to the definitive unity of Italy. On 17 July 1861 Vittorio Emanuele II was proclaimed King of Italy.

After the Second World War, in 1946, a popular referendum abolished the monarchy and the Republic was proclaimed. The territory is currently divided administratively into 20 regions.

The Best About Italy

When we hear about Italy, suddenly we think of the name as awesome but holy. Yes you might shoot the bulls’ eye, but aside from its being holiness the country of Italy is rich with historical scenery which contributes historical event during the ancient time. Most of the people residing here is Roman Catholic in religion, which in fact in Rome the capital city of Italy resides the Catholic leader who is the pope. When you get to step in Italy, you will definitely amaze with their stunning infrastructures and sculptures. And mind you that almost all of this has a historical background way back on the ancient times. You will enjoy strolling on Italy’s well cleaned streets and wave hi to their friendly folks. All about Italy is worthy to have a vacation or even a longer life living.

A well planned vacation to Italy must consider the best month to go, since there are times that the climate temperature of Italy is not that friendly. So you must be assured that you will enjoy everything in Italy. Try to browse some information in the internet browser which is the best month for a vacation in Italy. The tactics will give you insight of which is the best time to have a trip in such a wonderful place. Actually, the climate in Italy varies from north to south and from lowlands to mountains. During spring season, storms eventually developed and lean to end to autumn which made the summer as the wettest period. While on the northern regions of Italy experienced chilly winters, hot summers and at the same time regular rain distribution, and in the south the temperature became milder.

You will immediately catch Italy’s culture through looking to their magnificent structures, sculptures and paintings. You will notice that most of the buildings, churches or even trains in Italy embraced with their unique painting abilities. Therefore, people living in Italy loves painting and we cannot deny the fact it is already in each of the Italian’s folks the blood of being a painter. We can never separate the history they have been, the culture they inherited since the evidence is pretty obvious. The best with the Italian, since they are appointed as the inventor of the piano as well as our system musical details, and touching about their cuisine hmm so yummy, the north area of Italy are addicted in serving foods that composes mostly of cream, while on the south usually serves hot and spicy specialties.

Getting in Italy is as easy as traveling through buses if ever you are just in the nearby region of UK. There are many available buses in going to Italy, but truly riding a bus from UK to Italy is quite tiring. If you want you can have the choice of traveling through airplanes. There are also ferries that will cater you from your place to the targeted area. Or maybe try to have an experience journeying in railways with their prestigious trains. Anyway, its up to your choice where you think is the best accommodation for you. Your travel to Italy will exactly a different experience you have never yet encountered since before.